Free Quran Chapter 60: The Test (Al-Mumtahanah)

Learn from GOD that women should never be targets in war, women are allowed to leave or join whatever side. This commandment is very important, because this will function as a way to create peace between conflicting powers. If your wife wants to leave you and join your enemy, then you will be less willing to fight because then the wife might get killed and your children will lose their mother. Which then leads to the children not wanting to support your war.

Another great thing is that it gets rid of bad women from your community and allows good women to take their place, leading to an even better and more righteous community. Also, why would you want to keep your wife if she wants to join your enemy? Are you stupid? She might kill you in your sleep!

Communities that oppresses women are evil communities. This is basically what GOD is saying. I mean let’s be realistic, what kind of men are so desperate that they oppress women? Tyrants of course. It is that simple.

When you marry, then your flesh becomes one. However, you are still separate spirits. You never own each other’s soul, you are still two separate individuals. Other than that, you can basically enjoy each other’s bodies however you like. But if the woman disbelieves and wishes to leave. Then you have to let her go, and you can demand that she pays back the dowry you had given her. She must also fulfill the divorce intern of course, to make sure she isn’t pregnant.

Something else taught in this chapter is how your relationship with disbelievers should be like. Notice that GOD isn’t telling you to hide from society, or never mingle with people who have a different faith than you. On the contrary, go out there, meet people, engage with people, make friends. However, GOD only tells you not to make friends with people who want to hurt you, who attack you or insult you. Don’t waste your time chasing them. Don’t try to convince them into becoming your friends. Don’t try to prove yourself to them. Don’t try to convert them either, it is not your duty to guide other people, it is the duty of each individual to seek guidance themselves. Time wasted on these types of people is time you could have spent meeting wonderful and good people.

Quran Chapter 60: The Test (Al-Mumtahanah)

[60:0] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

[60:1] O you who believe, you shall not befriend My enemies and your enemies, extending love and friendship to them, even though they have disbelieved in the truth that has come to you. They persecute the messenger, and you, just because you believe in God, your Lord. If you mobilize to struggle in My cause, seeking My blessings, how can you secretly love them? I am fully aware of everything you conceal, and everything you declare. Those among you who do this have indeed strayed off the right path.

[60:2] Whenever they encounter you, they treat you as enemies, and hurt you with their hands and tongues. They want you to disbelieve.

[60:3] Your relatives and your children can never help you. On the Day of Resurrection, He will judge among you. God is Seer of everything you do.

Abraham: An Example

[60:4] A good example has been set for you by Abraham and those with him. They said to their people, “We disown you and the idols that you worship besides God. We denounce you, and you will see nothing from us except animosity and hatred until you believe in God ALONE.”* However, a mistake was committed by Abraham when he said to his father, “I will pray for your forgiveness,** but I possess no power to protect you from God.” “Our Lord, we trust in You, and submit to You; to You is the final destiny.

*60:4 The Arabic word for “ALONE” (WAHDAHU) occurs only six times in the Quran, one of them refers to upholding the Quran ALONE (17:46). The reference to God ALONE occurs in 7:70, 39:45, 40:12 & 84, and 60:4. The sum of these numbers (7+70+39+45+40+ 12+84+60+4) equals 361, or 19×19. This emphasizes that the main theme of the Quran is “Worship God ALONE.” See Appendix 1.

**60:4 We can pray for guidance for the idolators, not forgiveness, since God’s law is that idolatry is the only unforgivable offense (4:48 & 116).

[60:5] “Our Lord, let us not be oppressed by those who disbelieved, and forgive us. You are the Almighty, Most Wise.”

[60:6] A good example has been set by them for those who seek God and the Last Day. As for those who turn away, God is in no need (of them), Most Praiseworthy.

[60:7] God may change the animosity between you and them into love. God is Omnipotent. God is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

Basic Law Regulating Relations With Unbelievers

[60:8] God does not enjoin you from befriending those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not evict you from your homes. You may befriend them and be equitable towards them. God loves the equitable.

[60:9] God enjoins you only from befriending those who fight you because of religion, evict you from your homes, and band together with others to banish you. You shall not befriend them. Those who befriend them are the transgressors.

In Case of War

[60:10] O you who believe, when believing women (abandon the enemy and) ask for asylum with you, you shall test them. God is fully aware of their belief. Once you establish that they are believers, you shall not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful to remain married to them, nor shall the disbelievers be allowed to marry them. Give back the dowries that the disbelievers have paid. You commit no error by marrying them, so long as you pay them their due dowries. Do not keep disbelieving wives (if they wish to join the enemy). You may ask them for the dowry you had paid, and they may ask for what they paid. This is God’s rule; He rules among you. God is Omniscient, Most Wise.

[60:11] If any of your wives join the enemies’ camp, and you are forced to fight, you shall force the enemy to compensate the men who lost their wives, by giving them what they spent on their wives. You shall reverence God, in whom you believe.

[60:12] O you prophet, when the believing women (who abandoned the disbelievers) to seek asylum with you pledge to you that they will not set up any idols besides God, nor steal, nor commit adultery, nor kill their children, nor fabricate any falsehood, nor disobey your righteous orders, you shall accept their pledge, and pray to God to forgive them. God is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

[60:13] O you who believe, do not befriend people with whom God is angry, and who are hopelessly stuck in disbelief; they are just as hopeless as the disbelievers who are already in the graves.

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Ahmed Wehbe

Ahmed Wehbe is Lebanese creative artist and philosopher from Sweden.

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